Understanding Calories

Talk weight loss and calories is one of the first few words that come to mind. Calorie has a significant relationship with weight loss. So, if you wish to lose weight, you must understand all about calories.

What is a calorie?
Put in simple words, a calorie can be best described as the amount of energy present in a particular food item or a beverage. Your body needs calories in the form of energy to perform almost every function. From simply breathing to running around in the park, you need calories for everything.

How are calories related to weight?
It is the amount of calories that you consume that determine whether you are gaining or losing weight. Your body needs some amount of calories to maintain an ideal weight. When you are consuming lesser calories than the desired amount or burning more calories, then you are bound to lose weight.

How many calories do you need to lose weight?
In a bid to lose weight, you need to ascertain that you are consuming fewer calories than you need. But, how do you exactly know the amount of calories needed by your body? Well, there is more than just one way of going about the same. There are several websites that can tell your exact calorific requirements by providing details like your age, gender, and body weight.

How do I plan my meals based on calories?
Once you know your calorie requirements, you can plan your meals accordingly. For this, you would need to know the number of calories present in every food. Check the food labels before you buy any product. Food labels specify the ‘calorie per serving’. This will help you know the amount of calories you are consuming.

The next subsequent step would be to plan your portions based on the calorific value. Since most food items specify the calorie count depending upon the serving, it is important for you to know the size of the serving too. You can restrict your calorie intake to the suggested amount only if you are eating in the right quantity. Using a measuring cup will be of great help here. For some foods like peanut butter, jam and the like, you may use a tablespoon.

How to monitor weight loss?
After you have quantified your servings and the amount of calories you are consuming, the next step is to monitor your calories. You need to keep a tab on the amount of calories you are consuming, and the calories that you are burning. If you find this difficult, you can seek help of certain websites that will help you know your calorie consumption by entering the foods that you have eaten during the day. You can keep on revising your calorie consumption to know if you can cut down on your calorie intake. Once you have been able to create a calorie deficit, you will start losing weight.

Bend, misalignment, Genu varum, Genu valgum

X-legs / O-legs

Not only are cosmetic X / O legs problematic in adults, but especially the increased burden on the knee joint is the result.
In the long term, all high-grade inferior positions, whether X-leg or O-leg, lead to premature wear of the articular cartilage, so that at an early age an arthrosis of the knee joint (knee arthrosis / gonarthrosis) must be expected.

In the kyBoot / kyBounder, you can strengthen your stabilizing foot and knee muscles and integrate your leg-axis training into your daily routine without the need for additional time.


Bending in medicine means a deviation of a limb mass from the normal position (neutral 0 position).

The varus position is referred to when the angle (medial) to the body center is less than the normal at the bones or joints (at the knee joint at the o-leg (genu varum), for example, less than 186 ° (from the Axes enclosed by the upper and lower limbs).
The valgus position is referred to when the angle to the body center is greater than the norm (at the knee joint of the X-leg (genu valgum), for example, greater than about 186 °, on bones or joints.
The angulation of the (distally) limb distant from the body is considered; in the description of a varus / valgus position in the knee, the angulation of the lower leg is considered.


X-legs are rarely congenital. In the case of congenital X-legs, connective tissue weaknesses are mainly concerned. Even by a defective shape of the bones themselves may be congenital.
X-legs can be corrected by night rails or gypsum.
As a rule, X-legs are a consequence of knee joints. The misalignment of the feet causes the legs to reach an oblique position to the knee. The lower leg is guided like a lever obliquely to the knee and affects normal growth.
In rickets, the bone structure is disrupted by a deficiency of vitamin D. The bone does not cure properly and can not support body weight. The consequences can be both X-legs and O-legs.
Also the child paralysis can cause X-legs.

In newborns and infants, O-legs are completely normal and spontaneously recede.
Among other things, trauma can be acquired. Also basic illnesses such as overweight (overload), rickets, hormone disorders, tumor or inflammations can be the cause for O-legs.
Some sports favor the development of O-legs. These are above all sports, in which the muscle group of the so-called abductors on the thighs side is more strongly demanded during training and are therefore more trained than the internal adductors. The best known example is football.

Long-term consequences

O-leg complaints include pain. These are usually caused by osteoarthritis and uneven wear on the knee joint. If the O-leg only occurs on one side, a curvature of the spine may develop as a compensation which the body wishes to perform.
In an O-leg, the inner thigh bone roll (Condylus medialis femoris) is more heavily loaded. As a result, the internal meniscus is more strongly stressed and a gonarthrosis directed to the center comes. Learn how to fix bow legs here

In the worst case, X-legs can lead to knee and hip problems later.
The result of X-legs can also be arthrosis of the knee joint (gonarthrosis). In an X-leg, the outer thigh bone roll is more heavily loaded. As a result, the external meniscus is more strongly stressed and a lateral gonarthrosis occurs.

Conventional therapy

The therapy is based on the causes and can range from the treatment of the underlying basic disease to the operation.
Special foot-adjusting insoles and gymnastics (physiotherapy) are used to counteract the deficit.
Depending on the severity of the disease, ultimately the method of operative therapy must be taken.

The more frequently the foot muscles are trained, the faster the foot and knee position improves and pain decreases.

Initial reactions

Specific initial actions for leg axis misalignment (X-legs / O-legs)

In existing foot weakenings, e.g. Kinky feet, it is initially a challenge for the feet to stand up on the soft-elastic kybun material. It may happen that after a short gestation period, you get tired and tilt to the side. If you try to correct this, you can strengthen your stabilizing foot muscles and thus counteract the foot and knee deficiencies.

kybun exercises

For information on the kyBoot practice and the kyBounder basic exercises please click here: kybun Exercises

The following adaptations of the standard execution of the interval walkings are important for an axis misalignment:

Focus on slow exercises, since execution is more controlled
Variant for slow exercise: go backwards (stability given by the transverse arch in the forefoot)
application Tips

We advise you to wear the kyBoot without orthopedic footwear, as an active stabilization training of the foot. The foot musculature takes several months, with regular training, until it is sufficiently strong to go several hours in the kyBoot. You can wear the normal shoes with inserts as relief between. A continuous wear of the kyBoot can at the beginning (in the first weeks / months), after years of longing, the feet overstrain.
Insoles are a passive support for the foot, and in no way improve the foot situation in the long term. We recommend that the orthopedic insoles do not wear constantly. Listen best to your body, who tells you what is good for him, and when he needs a break.

Make sure that you apply the sole evenly in the kyBoot and the foot stands upright on the sole. So you have a favorable leg axis and also less an “inward kinking” of the feet and knees.

If you are very tired, have pain, or can not correct a lateral tipping of the foot, it is time to insert a short kybun break.

Do not take too long steps, which facilitates a good footing in kyBoot. This will tilt you less strongly inside.

Some people feel too unstable in the kyBoot. In this case, we advise you to try kyBoot models, some higher-cut models give more stability. We also recommend the second generation of the second generation, which is slightly wider in the midfoot area and therefore provides more safety when walking (consult the kybun specialist shop).

If you are still unsure about the kyBoot, we advise you to use kyBounder. The kyBounders are available in 3 different thicknesses; This allows you to choose the thickness where it is best for you (the thicker – the more unstable – the more intense the workout).
In addition, the kyBounder has the option, if you need additional support, to hold onto a fixed object.

If you have any further questions, please contact a kybun dealer, who will be happy to advise you personally.

Breast Cancer: Microscopy to Reduce Operations

To reduce the repeated surgeries of women affected by breast cancer, US researchers have introduced a new device, 3D photoacoustic microscopy.

A new microscopy device would reduce the number of surgeries for women with breast cancer, according to a study published in the journal Science Advance.

Women diagnosed with breast cancer undergo surgery to eliminate cancer tissue while preserving as many healthy tissues as possible.

However, there is no precise method to verify that all cancerous tissues have been successfully eliminated. As a result, about a quarter of the women who undergo surgery must undergo a second operation because part of the tumor has been forgotten.


Researchers at the California Institute of Technology (Caltech) in the United States have developed a technology that directly analyzes a tumor sample directly in the operating room and produces detailed and accurate images to verify whether it has been completely eliminated .

This called device, photoacoustic imaging, measures the ultrasonic waves emitted by the vibrating tissue and produces images capable of highlighting cancer characteristics in real time.

“This is a proof that one can use photoacoustic imaging on the breast tissue and get significant images,” said Deborah Novack, Associate Professor of Medicine and Pathology and Immunology, and author of the study .

This technology is very fast and allows analysis in 3 hours (vs 7 hours for traditional microscopy). But, researchers are working on improvements so that a specimen can be digitized in 10 minutes.